The military occupation of Iraq may have ended, but not post-war foreign-domination of its economy4:17 pm - 12/31/2011
The amount of new foreign investment deals is on track to double this year, according to a report by Dunia Frontier Consultants, which specializes in emerging markets. In the first half of this year, Iraq attracted $45.6 billion in foreign investment, about $3 billion more than all of last year, the report says.
The rush of investment this year reflects a new confidence in Iraq's stability and a reduction in risk, analysts say. "This is money talking," said Campbell Harvey, professor of finance at Duke University in North Carolina.
U.S. companies have been slow to get in on the investment opportunities in Iraq, even lagging behind countries that opposed the war, such as France.
Last year, French companies represented 9.9% of the foreign investment in Iraq, compared with 4.7% for American companies, the Dunia report says.
"U.S. companies tend to be more risk-averse than their European counterparts and certainly their regional counterparts," said Nicholas Skibiak, emerging markets director at Dunia.
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce has been urging American companies to consider investments in Iraq and pushing the U.S. government to more aggressively represent the interests of American businesses in the country.
"We have invested a lot in Iraq over the last decade in blood and treasure, and it is really unfortunate if we permit our trading partners to sort of capitalize on that investment to our disadvantage," said Lionel Johnson, vice president of Middle East affairs at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
Skibiak said there is an "almost perverse irony" in that the United States was accused by war critics of going to war to exploit Iraq's oil and other resources and "yet as a country we have very little to show for it."
This year, U.S. companies have shown more of an appetite for investing in Iraq. In the first six months of this year, U.S. companies represented 6.4% of the foreign investment in Iraq.
'Re-evaluate the Iraqi market'
U.S. business interest is growing. Iraq's commercial attaché office in Washington received 2,251 applications to do business in Iraq in the first half of this year, compared with 1,369 in the same period last year.
Still, Naufel Alhassen, Iraq's commercial counselor in the U.S., said public perception of Iraq remain out of date.
"American business needs to re-evaluate the Iraqi market with a vision of 2011 — not with eyes of 2006 and 2007," he said.
He said Iraq's market is growing fast and that U.S. businesses risk missing opportunities. "If you keep waiting you are going to miss it," Alhassan said.
South Korea was the largest foreign investor this year, representing 24% of the foreign money flowing into Iraq, according to the report.
Businesses in the rest of the world seemed poised to exploit the market's growth. Foreign investors' confidence grew and foreign dollars flowed in after Iraq's political landscape stabilized. Following months of political fighting after national elections last March, Iraqi political leaders agreed on a government in December.
Nouri al-Maliki remained as prime minister and Oil Minister Hussain al-Shahristani was kept in the government as deputy prime minister for energy. Investors saw the continuity as a positive sign. "A lot of people through 2010 were sitting on sidelines watching the national elections," Skibiak said.
This year they came off the sidelines.
Many needs and much money
After decades of war and sanctions, Iraq's needs are great, and it has money to spend. Iraq ranks fourth in the world in proven oil reserves, and the rising price of oil has buoyed its cash reserves.
Iraq has been issuing contracts to develop its oil fields and has sought help to rebuild its decrepit electrical grid in an effort to keep up with skyrocketing demand as people buy TVs, air conditioners and other appliances.
Iraq is also facing a housing shortage. Last year, Iraq announced it was awarding a contract of $11.28 billion to a Turkish consortium to help rebuild Sadr City, a sprawling Shiite slum in Baghdad, according to the Dunia report.
The contract calls for building 75,000 homes, in addition to schools and mosques in a slum where sewage puddles in the streets and families are crammed in aging buildings.
Analysts caution that Iraq remains a risky place to invest. Corruption remains a problem, and there is always the risk of renewed violence and political instability. "The level of risk is still high," Harvey said.
The US Chamber of Commerce, which represents the collective interests of the largest corporations both in the United States and around the world, has a “US-Iraq Business Initiative” dedicated to “building a better Iraq through private sector investment.” The Chamber of Commerce stated in a post titled, “Iraqi Prime Minister: Business Now at the Front,” that “Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki visited the Chamber today [December 13, 2011] to mark the transition from U.S. military engagement to economic engagement through commerce, trade, and investment.” A similar article can be read via “The Hill’s” “Iraq is open for Business.”
In an extremely offensive piece titled “Let’s all go to the yard sale: If it all works out, Iraq will be a capitalist’s dream”, The Economist gleefully predicts
1. 100% ownership of Iraqi assets.
2. Full repatriation of profits.
3. Equal legal standing with local firms.
4. Foreign banks allowed to operate or buy into local banks.
5. Income and corporate taxes capped at 15%.
6. Universal tariffs slashed to 5%.
The Economist of course argued, as would any 19th century imperialist, that Iraq needed foreign expertise to catch up, justifying the evisceration of their national sovereignty.
Finally, it should be noted that many of the corporations now seeking to infest the Iraqi economy, represented within the Chamber of Commerce’s Board of Directors, are also chief contributors, partners, members, and sponsors of the very US policy think-tanks that are partly responsible for inspiring America's planned or ongoing military operations around the world such as Iraq.
For a in-depth look at "economic imperialism", look at this article: http://landdestroyer.blogspot.com/2011/0