Birthright Citizenship Foes Want Two-Tiered Birth Certificates
We told you yesterday about the State Legislators for Legal Immigration, a group of conservative state lawmakers who want to force a Supreme Court fight over the 14th Amendment, by passing state citizenship laws that are sure to be challenged.
But there's another prong to their attack. They also want Congress to allow states to mark the birth certificates of children born on U.S. soil -- that is, U.S. citizens -- who are born to illegal immigrants. This would create two categories of certificates: One for those whose parents are citizens or legal immigrants, and one for those whose parents are here illegally.
The lawmakers say they don't want to create two classes of citizens. They just want to force Congress to discuss the issue.
"Ultimately, this is one step," said Pennsylvania state Rep. Daryl Metcalfe (R), in an interview with TPM, "in the direction of moving our nation, and our states toward... applying the 14th Amendment correctly."
Metcalfe is the leader of the State Legislators for Legal Immigration. What he's trying to do with the birth certificates is called an interstate compact, a constitutional mechanism that allows two or more states to make a contract with each other. Such a compact would need the approval of Congress.
That's what Metcalfe and his supporters -- who come from at least five states, and, he says, up to 40 -- want to do: get the issue into Congress to force a discussion there.
"It's a very calculated first step," said Kris Kobach, the Kansas secretary of state and an author of the Arizona immigration law, at a press conference this week announcing the group's plans.
Human Rights Watch immediately condemned such an effort.
"Any proposal that would diminish equal protection under the law would be a major step backward," U.S. program director Alison Parker said in a statement. "Equal protection under law is a cornerstone of US and international law. States should reject this proposal as abhorrent to U.S. values."
It appears that the compact, even if several states sign on and both houses of Congress approve it, would still be subject to presidential veto.
Metcalfe admits the move is a means to an end, a way to get Congress talking about how we interpret the 14th Amendment. Asked what the separate birth certificates would do, practically speaking, he told TPM it would give the children of illegal immigrants important documentation as they begin their lives -- back in their home countries.